Show Me / Tell Me
At the beginning of your test, after you have been asked by the DSA examiner to read a number plate you will be asked two of the DSA “show me tell me” questions.
These questions are designed to check your knowledge of basic car safety and will include one “show me” question, where you must demonstrate how and what you would do to check / adjust something, and one “tell me” question where you will explain how you would check / do something.
An example of all the current “show me / tell me” questions and the responses you should give are listed below.
Q1, Open the bonnet, identify where you would check the engine oil level and TELL ME how you would check that the engine has sufficient oil.
A1, Identify dipstick / oil level indicator, describe check of oil level against the minimum / maximum markers.
Q2, SHOW ME explain how you would check that the power assisted steering is working before starting a journey.
A2, If the steering becomes heavy the system may not be working properly. Before starting a journey two simple checks can be made. Gentle pressure on the steering wheel, maintained while the engine is started, should result in a slight but noticeable movement as the system begins to operate. Alternatively turning the steering wheel just after moving off will give an immediate indication that the power assistance is functioning.
Q3, Open the bonnet, identify where you would check the engine coolant level and TELL ME how you would check that the engine has the correct level.
A3, Identify high / low level markings on header tank where fitted or radiator filler cap, and describe how to top up to correct level.
Q4, SHOW ME how you would check the parking brake (handbrake) for excessive wear, make sure you keep safe control of the vehicle.
A4, Apply footbrake firmly. Demonstrate by applying parking brake (handbrake) that when it is fully applied it secures itself, and is not at the end of the working travel.
Q5, Identify where the windscreen washer reservoir is and TELL ME how you would check the windscreen washer level.
A5, Identify reservoir and explain how to check level.
Q6, SHOW ME how you would check that the horn is working (off road only).
A6, Check is carried out by using control (turn on ignition if necessary).
Q7, Open the bonnet, identify where the brake fluid reservoir is and TELL ME how you would check that you have a safe level of hydraulic fluid.
A7, Identify reservoir, check level against high / low markings.
Q8, SHOW ME how you would check that the direction indicators are working.
A8, Applying the indicators or hazard warning switch and checking functioning of all indicators.
Q9, SHOW ME how you would check that the brake lights are working on this car. (I can assist you, if you need to switch the ignition on, please don’t start the engine).
A9, Operate brake pedal, make use of reflections in windows, garage doors, etc, or ask somebody to help.
Q10, TELL ME how you would check that the brakes are working before starting a journey.
A10, Brakes should not feel spongy or slack. Brakes should be tested as you set off. Vehicle should not pull to one side.
Q11, TELL ME how you would check that the headlights & tail lights are working. (No need to exit the vehicle).
A11, Explanation: Operate switch (turn on ignition if necessary), then walk round the vehicle. (As this is a “Tell Me” question, there is no need to physically check the lights).
Q12, TELL ME where you would find the information for the recommended tyre pressures for this vehicle and how tyre pressures should be checked.
A12, Manufacturer’s guide, use a reliable pressure gauge, check and adjust pressures when tyres are cold, don’t forget the spare tyre, remember to refit the valve caps.
Q13, TELL ME how you would check the tyres to ensure that they have sufficient tread depth and that their general condition is safe to use on the road.
A13, Check that there are no cuts or bulges, 1.6mm of tread depth across the central ¾ of the breadth of the tyre & around the entire outer circumference.
Q14, SHOW ME how you would clean the windscreen using the windscreen washer and wipers.
A14, Operate control to wash & wipe windscreen. (Turn on ignition if necessary).
Q15, SHOW ME how you would set the demister controls to clear all the windows effectively, this should include both front & rear screens.
A15, Set all relevant controls including; fan, temperature, air direction / source & heated screen to clear windscreen & windows. Engine does not have to be started for this demonstration.
Q16, SHOW ME how you would switch on the rear fog light(s) & explain when you would use it / them. (No need to exit the vehicle).
A16, Operate switch (turn on dipped headlights & ignition if necessary). Check warning light is on. Explain use.
Q17, SHOW ME how you switch your headlights from dipped to main beam & explain how you would know the main beam is on whilst inside the car.
A17, Operate switch (with ignition on if necessary), check with main beam warning light.
Q18, TELL ME how you make sure your head restraint is correctly adjusted so it provides the best protection in the event of a crash.
A18, The head restraint should be adjusted so the rigid part of the head restraint is at least as high as the eye or top of the ears, and as close to the back of the head as is comfortable. N.B. Some restraints might not be adjustable.
Q19, TELL ME how you would know if there was a problem with our anti lock braking system.
A19, ABS warning light should illuminate if there is a fault with the anti lock braking system.